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Baroque music is a style of Western art music composed from approximately 1600 to 1750. The word baroquecomes from the Portuguese word barroco, meaningmisshapen pearl, a negative description of the ornate and heavily ornamented music of this period. Later, the name came to apply also to the architecture of the same period.


The typical orchestra of the Baroque period is based on string instruments (violin, viola) and continuo. What is continuo? Is the typical bass group of the period and  consists of a group of instruments, depending upon the other instruments playing and the performance location. A continuous bass is the rule in Baroque music.


Who were the major baroque composers and where were they from?

Many of the well known personalities from the first part of the baroque period hail from Italy, including Monteverdi, Corelli and Vivaldi. By the mid eighteenth century, our focus shifts to the German composers Bach and Handel. Many of the forms identified with baroque music originated in Italy, including the cantata, concerto, sonata, oratorio and opera. Although Italy played a vital role in the development of these genres, however, new concepts of what it meant to be a nation increased the imperative of a “national style.” Differences between nations are often audible in music from the period, not only in the way music was composed, but also in conventions of performance.

The baroque era in the modern age

Although the baroque period ended over 250 years ago, vestiges of the era can be heard everywhere.  Some of the most influential and beloved compositions are regularly performed in concert halls, and a wealth of recordings make the baroque available on demand. Many of the musical genres still in use today, like the oratorio, concerto and opera  and snippets of Bach and Vivaldi frequently appear in the solos of heavy metal guitarists.


2.mus.07 Renaissance


Music was an essential part of civic, religious, and courtly life in the Renaissance. The rich interchange of ideas in Europe, as well as political, economic, and religious events in the period 1400–1600 led to major changes in styles of composing, methods of disseminating music, new musical genres, and the development of musical instruments. The most important music of the early Renaissance was composed for use by the church—polyphonic (made up of several simultaneous melodies) masses and motets in Latin for important churches and court chapels. By the end of the sixteenth century, however, patronage was split among many areas: the Catholic Church, Protestant churches and courts, wealthy amateurs, and music printing—all were sources of income for composers.

Instruments: http://www.educationscotland.gov.uk/learnlisteningonline/higherandadvancedhigher/musicaltopics/chambermusic/instruments.asp

This link gives you your Renaissance partition: propic3b1c3a1n-de-melyor-sopr. You can play it with the following video

2.1. mus.05

From the ninth century we started to have knowledge of polyphonic musical practices where the texture increases adding on other sophisticated melodies as a harmonious whole.

However it is possible that these elaborations should come before made such an unwritten instrumental accompaniment and it doesn’t appear in the score.

During the twelfth and thirteenth centuries, the period of the Middle Ages is known as Ars Antiqua and the most frequent ways in which the polyphony is built are the Organum and the Discantus.


1.mus.04 Middle Ages

    In European history, the Middle Ages, or Medieval period, lasted from the 5th to the 15th century. It began with the collapse of theWestern Roman Empire and merged into the Renaissance and the Age of Discovery. The Middle Ages is the middle period of the three traditional divisions of Western history: Antiquity, Medieval period, and Modern period. The Medieval period is itself subdivided into the Early, the High, and the Late Middle Ages.

Middle Ages notation

1.mus.03 Greece

1. The divine origin of music

The music was for the Greeks the art of divine origin. This conception derives not only for the term music” (musiké, art of the Muses) but also the invention of instruments, created by the gods, and they trusted in the power of music to influence men. To the music were attributed magical powers, music could cure diseases, change behaviors and work all kinds of wonders.

In Greek mythology, the legends about the music and the gods that are associated with it, is one of the most abundant and attractive themes.
The god Hermes is credited with the invention of the lyre. According to legend, shortly after his birth he dumped his diapers and with a turtle shell built the lira. His brother Apollo was jealous because the sound of the lyre, and made a change by a herd of cows.
The god Pan, a hybrid between man and goat, built a flute with the body of his beloved nymph Syrinx which was converted by the gods in reeds

1.mus.03 Exercices Musical Genre

lascia ch’io pianga

Russian dance

The Swan Lake

I love rock and roll

Chariots of fire

In the mood

1.mus.02 Logos Ba

There are some logos bands




You have to find information about the band or singer and explain the relationship with his logo